What exactly is IMPEACHMENT? It is the removal of a president or vice president from office. The process that is called impeachment can be explained by using our court system. The House of Representatives (HOR) plays the part of the grand jury. The facts are presented to the members of the HOR who then votes yea or nay, to approve or disapprove. If there are enough yeas, then the president is impeached. This does not mean the president is removed from office. This is when the next step in the process takes place in the senate.
If the HOR is the grand jury, the Senate is the court room where once again the facts are present as articles of impeachment. The senators are the jury in this court. Unlike a criminal trial where the entire jury must vote for conviction, only two-thirds of the senate must vote in favor of removing the president from office. Why is it 2/3 instead of a simple majority? This is where the writers of the constitution decided to make it hard to remove a sitting president from office.
Think about it like this. A sitting president’s party loses the majority in the house and senate. What is to stop the new majority party from removing the president. Nothing if the bar for removing a president was a simple majority. Imagine the chaos that would cause for the government as well as the country. The idea of making the process hard and cumbersome is intentional. Also the president must face an election every four years. The HOR stands for reelection every two years and the 33 Senators stand fro election every two years. There is plenty of opportunity to keep a president in check before resorting to impeachment. With all that said, if a president chooses to use the office for personal or political gain or endangers the security of the country as the current president is alleged to have done, there may be no other choice but to remove him or her from office. What exactly is impeachment? Now you have a better idea.